Science
Gun deaths, injuries in California spike following Nevada gun shows

When gun shows are held in Nevada, gun-related deaths and injuries spike across the state line in California for at least the next two weeks. A new study examined gun deaths a...

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Brain patterns underlying mothers' responses to infant cries

Infant cries activate specific brain regions related to movement and speech, according to a study of mothers in 11 countries. The findings identify behaviors and underlying br...

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Running on autopilot: Scientists find important new role for 'daydreaming' network

A brain network previously associated with daydreaming has been found to play an important role in allowing us to perform tasks on autopilot. Scientists showed that far from b...

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To grasp water scarcity, researchers probe links between human and natural systems

Understanding the fine-level interactions between nature and people is essential in determining whether a region will suffer water scarcity in the future...

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Five new malaria targets that could lead to an effective vaccine

In the largest study of its kind, five new malaria vaccine targets have been discovered. Researchers studied the malaria parasite at its most vulnerable stage -- when invading...

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Why did the 2014 Oso, WA, landslide travel so far?

On Saturday, 22 March 2014, a devastating landslide roared across the North Fork of the Stillaguamish River, near Oso, Washington. The landslide killed 43 people as it plowed...

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Florida needs more pet-friendly shelters

Florida needs more pet-friendly shelters, especially for older adults who represent 50 to 75 percent of deaths following disasters like hurricanes, according to a recent study...

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New asthma biomarkers identified from lung bacteria

New research suggests that the lung microbiome plays a significant role in asthma severity and response to treatment...

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Older Neanderthal survived with a little help from his friends

An older Neanderthal from about 50,000 years ago, who had suffered multiple injuries and other degenerations, became deaf and must have relied on the help of others to avoid p...

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Millions of years ago, hollow trees literally tore themselves apart to grow

Science Sometimes, early life was profoundly weird. Some of the earliest forest-forming trees were members of a group called Cladoxylopsida, which had an empty...

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Archaeologists uncover cuneiform archive in Iraq’s Kurdish region

Archaeologists have made sensational finds in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq. The researchers found a cuneiform archive of 93 clay tablets dating from 1250 BCE -- the p...

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People with autism at greater risk of attempting suicide

People who show characteristics of autism are more at risk of attempting suicide, according to a new study...

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Inbreeding hurts the next generation’s reproductive success

Inbreeding has evolutionary consequences for humans...

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Your best, beef-free Instagrams tagged #NoRedOctober

Environment Don't have a cow, man. For the month of October, we’re encouraging everyone to put aside their burgers, lamb chops, and steaks for 31 days...

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Fruit-eating increases biodiversity

By dispersing the seeds of plants, fruit-eating animals contribute to the possibility of increased plant speciation and thus biodiversity, investigators have discovered...

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New magma pathways after giant lateral volcano collapses

Giant lateral collapses are huge landslides occurring at the flanks of a volcano. Such collapses are rather common events during the evolution of a large volcanic edifice, oft...

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Mating with Neandertals reintroduced ‘lost’ DNA into modern humans

Neandertal DNA brought back some old genetic heirlooms to modern humans...

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Last week in tech: Oh no, what happened to Google Calendar?

Technology A touchscreen flip phone, a new UE speaker, and the best new tech of the year. Cruise through the week's big tech stories and cool new produc...

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Moment of impact: A journey into the Chicxulub Crater

When the Chicxulub asteroid slammed into Earth about 66 million years ago, it obliterated 80 percent of Earth's species, blasted out a crater 200 kilometers acros...

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New study shows how cells can be led down non-cancer path

As cells with a propensity for cancer break down food for energy, they reach a fork in the road: they can either continue energy production as healthy cells, or shift to the e...

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Scientists discover superconductor with bounce

Scientists have discovered extreme 'bounce,' or super-elastic shape-memory properties in a material that could be applied for use as an actuator in t...

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New Peruvian bird species discovered by its song

A new species of bird from the heart of Peru remained undetected for years until researchers identified it by its unique song...

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Possible new anti-TB treatment path

As part of the long effort to improve treatment of tuberculosis (TB), microbiologists report that they have for the first time characterized a protein involved in making a gly...

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Better food choices near schools for healthier teeth

There's something endearing about the crooked, gapped-tooth smiles of children whose permanent teeth are coming in. While it's normal for adult teeth...

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Better sleep, less fear

Higher quality sleep patterns are associated with reduced activity in brain regions involved in fear learning, according to a study of young adults. The results suggest that b...

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Herbicide's link to Parkinson's disease

Scientists have revealed how oxidative stress explains a common herbicide's link to risk of Parkinson's disease...

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Nanotube fiber antennas as capable as copper

Thin fibers made of carbon nanotubes can be formed into antennas that are just as capable as copper antennas, according to researchers...

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Study links mutations in notch gene to role in B cell cancers

In B cell tumors, mutated overactive versions of the Notch protein directly drive the expression of the Myc gene and many other genes that participate in B cell signaling path...

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Rethinking well-being and sustainability measurements from local to global scales

A new study suggests that standard ways of measuring well-being and sustainability in communities used by global organizations may be missing critical information and could le...

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Smart birds: Canada geese give hunters the slip by hiding out in Chicago

It's open season for Canada geese in Illinois from mid-October to mid-January. Unfortunately for hunters, Canada geese are finding a new way to stay out of the li...

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Rising sea levels creating first Native American climate refugees

Rising sea levels and human activities are fast creating a 'worst case scenario' for Native Americans of the Mississippi Delta who stand to lose not...

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Scientists update four key fundamental constants

Paving the way for transforming the world's measurement system, an international task force has determined updated values for four fundamental constants of nature...

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'Mind-reading' brain-decoding tech

Researchers have demonstrated how to decode what the human brain is seeing by using artificial intelligence to interpret fMRI scans from people watching videos, representing a...

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Drug can dramatically reduce weight of people with obesity

A drug that targets the appetite control system in the brain could bring about significant weight loss in people with clinical obesity, according to new research...

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Support for populist ideologies linked to feelings of disadvantage and national narcissism

People who perceive they are part of a disadvantaged group are more likely to have an unrealistic belief in the greatness of their nation and support populist ideologies, new...

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Antimicrobial gel could improve root canal results

The results of root canal treatments could improve because of an antimicrobial gel recently discovered and developed. A research team has developed an injectable antimicrobial...

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Enough vitamin D when young associated with lower risk of diabetes-related autoimmunity

Getting enough vitamin D during infancy and childhood is associated with a reduced risk of islet autoimmunity among children at increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes, acc...

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Scheme would make new high-capacity data caches 33 to 50 percent more efficient

A memory management scheme would increase by 33 to 50 percent the efficiency of data caches that use the massive new memory banks known as 'in-package DRAM.&a...

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Protein regulates vitamin A metabolic pathways, prevents inflammation

Researchers have discovered how uncontrolled vitamin A metabolism in the gut can cause harmful inflammation. The discovery links diet to inflammatory diseases, like Crohn&...

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Want to help the bees? Keep these out of your garden.

Animals Three-fourths of the world’s honey contains neonicotinoids. Swiss scientists analyzed 198 honey samples from all over the world and found at least on...

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Optical communication coming to silicon chips

Ultrathin films of a semiconductor that emits and detects light can be stacked on top of silicon wafers, researchers report in a study that could help bring optical communicat...

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So my brain amyloid level is elevated: What does that mean?

Testing drugs to prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimer's dementia and using them in the clinic will mean identifying and informing adults who have a higher risk...

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Exploring disease predisposition to deliver personalized medicine

Exploring the links between diseases and tissue-specific gene activity, geneticists have been able to build a model that constitutes a first step towards the identification of...

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Researchers bring optical communication onto silicon chips

Ultrathin films of a semiconductor that emits and detects light can be stacked on top of silicon wafers, researchers report in a study that could help bring optical communicat...

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Scientists develop new theory of molecular evolution

Researchers have developed a new theory of molecular evolution, offering insights into how genes function, how the rates of evolutionary divergence can be predicted, and how h...

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Patients at risk over failure to recognize important diabetes subtype

The health of people with diabetes is being put at risk due to the failure of doctors to recognize which type of diabetes they have, a new study...

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More iron in lakes is making them brown, study shows

The iron concentration in lakes is increasing in many parts of northern Europe. This has been shown in a study in which researchers in Sweden examined 23 years of data from 10...

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How hospitals respond when it's uncertain if the newborn is a boy or a girl

When babies are born with atypical sex anatomy, the hospital's response has a major impact on a family's experience and decisions about sometimes irr...

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New gene linked to debilitating lung disease

Health scientists have heralded the discovery of a gene associated with lung fibrosis as 'a potential new avenue of treatment for further research into this terri...

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These shrews have heads that shrink with the season

If any part of the body would seem ill equipped to shrink, it would probably be the head and skull. And, yet, researchers have found that the skulls of red-toothed shrews do s...

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Resistive memory components the computer industry can't resist

For years, the computer industry has sought memory technologies with higher endurance, lower cost, and better energy efficiency than commercial flash memories. Now, an interna...

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Reduced impact logging still harms biodiversity in tropical rainforests

Even low levels of logging in the Amazon rainforest may lead to great losses in biodiversity, new research has found. The research looked at 34 different plots in the state of...

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How the brain learns to fear: New understanding

What happens in the brain when we learn that fire is very hot and can hurt us? It's the kind of learning that results from the association of a sensory stimulus a...

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Scientists warn that saline lakes in dire situation worldwide

Saline lakes around the world are shrinking in size at alarming rates. But what -- or who -- is to blame? Lakes like Utah's Great Salt Lake, Asia's A...

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Mongolian microfossils point to the rise of animals on Earth

A cache of embryo-like microfossils has been discovered in northern Mongolia that may shed light on questions about the long-ago shift from microbes to animals on Earth...

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Boost for lipid research: Researchers facilitate lipid data analysis

Illnesses such as cancer and multiple sclerosis may also be associated with lipids. Disorders are difficult to assess due to the diversity of lipids. Scientists now present a...

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Transparent solar technology represents 'wave of the future'

See-through solar materials that can be applied to windows represent a massive source of untapped energy and could harvest as much power as bigger, bulkier rooftop solar units...

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Research revises our knowledge of how the brain learns to fear

What happens in the brain when we learn that fire is very hot and can hurt us? It's the kind of learning that results from the association of a sensory stimulus a...

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Experiment provides deeper look into the nature of neutrinos

The first glimpse of data from the full array of a deeply chilled particle detector operating beneath a mountain in Italy sets the most precise limits yet on where scientists...

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Proton therapy lowers treatment side effects in pediatric head and neck cancer patients

Pediatric patients with head and neck cancer can be treated with proton beam therapy (PBT) instead of traditional photon radiation, and it will result in similar outcomes with...

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Sumatran tigers on path to recovery in 'in danger' UNESCO World Heritage site

New research looks at the effectiveness of the park's protection zone and finds that the density of Sumatran tigers has increased despite the continued threat of...

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These Staten Islanders lost their neighborhood to Sandy. Here’s why they’re not taking it back.

Environment A community goes back to nature. Just a few years ago, the reeds and raptors competed for space with neat lawns belonging to the small houses linin...

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Major study of genetics of breast cancer provides clues to mechanisms behind the disease

Seventy-two new genetic variants that contribute to the risk of developing breast cancer have been identified by a major international collaboration involving hundreds of rese...

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Expanding Brazilian sugarcane could dent global CO2 emissions

Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 5.6 percent, researchers report. T...

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Pollution kills nine million people a year

Environment This doesn't feel like progress. Air, water, and soil pollution kill millions each year—and they don't have to. Environmental...

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Understanding how electrons turn to glass

Researchers have gained new insight into the electronic processes that guide the transformation of liquids into a solid crystalline or glassy state...

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A step closer to a cure for adult-onset diabetes

In healthy people, exosomes -- tiny structures secreted by cells to allow intercellular communication -- prevent clumping of the protein that leads to type 2 diabetes. Exosome...

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Immune response: Scientists identify 'first responders' to bacterial invasion

When bacteria enter our body, they kick-start a powerful immune response. But this chain of reactions doesn't fully account for our immediate responses. Researche...

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Virus-like particle vaccine protects against RSV vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease, study finds

A virus-like particle vaccine can prime the body’s immune response and prevent the severe respiratory disease that results when patients given an early form of a vaccine for...

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Consumers see ‘organic’ and ‘non-GM’ food labels as synonymous

What are the best ways to communicate whether a food has GM ingredients? To gauge consumers’ willingness to pay for food labeled as GM vs. non-GM, researchers conducted a na...

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Western US Quake? Fifty simulations of the 'Really Big One' show how a 9.0 Cascadia earthquake could play out

The largest number yet of detailed simulations for how a Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake might play out provides a clearer picture of what the region can expect when the f...

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Routes out of isolation for Yellowstone grizzlies

An interagency team of Montana and Wyoming biologists models possible routes to a reunion of the Yellowstone and Northern Continental bear populations through adventurous male...

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Personalizing human-robot interaction may increase patient use

Determining the elements in the human-robot interaction that make users more motivated to continue is important in designing future robots that will interact with humans on a...

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Genetic rescue boosts recovery of Australia's endangered mountain pygmy possums

For the first time, a breeding technique known as genetic rescue has been shown to increase population numbers and survival rates of the endangered mountain pygmy possum, now...

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Psychedelic drugs may reduce criminal behavior

Newly published research suggests that common psychedelic drugs -- such as 'magic mushrooms', LSD and mescaline (a substance derived from the peyote...

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Teams work better with a little help from your friends

Here’s something both you and your boss can agree on: Workplace teams are better when they include your friends. Researchers analyzed the results of 26 different studies (ca...

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Crops evolving ten millennia before experts thought

Ancient hunter-gatherers began to systemically affect the evolution of crops up to thirty thousand years ago -- around ten millennia before experts previously thought -- accor...

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Groundwater, tundra fires may work together to thaw permafrost

Groundwater may play an unrecognized role in thawing Arctic permafrost following wildfires, according to new research...

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Depression strongly linked to higher long-term risk of early death for both women, men

Despite increased awareness about mental illness, depression remains strongly linked to a higher risk of early death -- and this risk has increased for women in recent years -...

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Biosimilar drugs could cut US health spending by $54 billion over next decade

Biosimilar drugs have been touted as one strategy to help curb the runaway costs of biologics that have advanced the treatment of illness such as rheumatoid arthritis and many...

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Symptom burden may increase hospital length of stay, readmission risk in advanced cancer

Hospitalized patients with advanced cancer who report more intense and numerous physical and psychological symptoms appear to be at risk for longer hospital stays and unplanne...

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Geophysicist finds teaching opportunities in movie mistakes

Few scientists regard the 1997 movie Volcano, in which flaming magma suddenly spews from the La Brea tar pits and incinerates much of Los Angeles, as a means to foster scienti...

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Key discoveries offer significant hope of reversing antibiotic resistance

Two recent studies provide significant new hope in the fight against antibiotic resistance. By identifying what makes some bacteria resistant to the most commonly prescribed a...

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Birds without own brood help other birds with parenting, but not selflessly

Birds will sometimes care for the offspring of other birds of their own species if they anticipate future benefits. Being tolerated in another bird's territory an...

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Scientists track ovarian cancers to site of origin: Fallopian tubes

Some scientists have suspected that the most common form of ovarian cancer may originate in the fallopian tubes, the thin fibrous tunnels that connect the ovaries to the uteru...

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Study finds shortcomings in Canadian regulations governing use of sugar claims

Prepackaged food and beverages labelled with claims such as 'no added sugar' or 'reduced in sugar' can have lower sugar lev...

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How the microbiome is linked to autoimmune disorders

A new study reveals a new mechanism in the gut microbiome that regulates pro- and anti-inflammatory cells...

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Vaquita porpoise rescued as part of VaquitaCPR conservation project, then released

Scientists with the VaquitaCPR conservation project announced they succeeded in locating and rescuing a highly endangered vaquita porpoise yesterday, but in an abundance of ca...

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Zircon as Earth's timekeeper: Are we reading the clock right?

Zircon crystals in igneous rocks must be carefully examined and not relied upon solely to predict future volcanic eruptions and other tectonic events, researchers have shown...

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Taming 'wild' electrons in graphene

Graphene -- a one-atom-thick layer of carbon -- is a better conductor than copper and is very promising for electronic devices, but with one catch: Electrons that move through...

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Novel transdisciplinary study uncovers microbes that may one day deter major grape disease

Researchers have conducted a novel transdisciplinary study to characterize the microbial communities within the vascular system of grapevines and their connections with Pierce...

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Electricity from shale gas vs. coal: Lifetime toxic releases from coal much higher

Despite widespread concern about potential human health impacts from hydraulic fracturing, the lifetime toxic chemical releases associated with coal-generated electricity are...

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Solution to mysterious behavior of supercooled water

Researchers have developed a model to explain mysterious breakdown of Stokes-Einstein relationship in supercooled water. They revealed that intermittent hydrogen bond breakage...

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VIDEO: Siri talks to HAL 9000 about A.I. sexism

Gadgets The voices of artificial intelligence face off about gender roles. Or: sexA.I.sm. Siri and Alexa vs. HAL 9000 and Watson. The voices of artificial inte...

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Great tits aren’t the only things evolving to adapt to humans. Here are 12 others.

Environment People are a great and terrible influence on the world. You already know about antibiotic and pesticide resistance. But there are other, sneakier w...

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How bird feeders may be changing great tits’ beaks

Longer beaks may be evolving in U.K. great tits because of the widespread use of bird feeders in the country...

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After skyrocketing, opioid abuse plateaus but remains too high, national U.S. analysis shows

While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national dat...

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After skyrocketing, opioid abuse plateaus but remains too high, national analysis shows

While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national dat...

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'Geostorm' is a very silly movie that raises some very serious questions

Environment Let's talk about hacking the climate. Hollywood’s latest disaster flick, “Geostorm,” is premised on the idea that humans have figured...

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Risk factors for Duchenne muscular dystrophy identified

A new study suggests that more people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy could live longer by identifying and more aggressively treating patients with certain risk factors...

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