Science

Graphene in zero G promises success in space

Experiments testing graphene for two different space-related applications have shown extremely promising results...

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Study prompts new ideas on cancers’ origins

Cancer therapies often target cells that grow and divide rapidly, such as stem cells, but in studying how stomach cancers occur, researchers found that even when the stomach i...

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Nanostructures control heat transfer

For the first time, scientists have succeeded in precisely controlling temperature-dependent thermal conductivity with the help of polymer materials. These advanced functional...

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Screening could catch a quarter of hip fractures before they happen

Community screening for osteoporosis could prevent more than a quarter of hip fractures in older women...

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Fund a Kickstarter without losing your money—or your mind

DIY Bring your common sense to crowdfunding. You want to fund an amazing tech Kickstarter. But how can you be sure they'll deliver on their promises? We...

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11 lies you may have heard about net neutrality

Technology Talking about net neutrality is hard when there's misinformation everywhere. Let's talk about some of the big net neutrality tal...

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Easier paths to quantum-based techology

Engineers have shown that a widely used method of detecting single photons can also count the presence of at least four photons at a time. The researchers say this discovery w...

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A new theory to describe widely used material

A new theoretical model explains the coupling between ions and electrons in the widely used conducting polymer PEDOT:PSS. The model has profound implications for applications...

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Drinking hot tea every day linked to lower glaucoma risk

Drinking a cup of hot tea at least once a day may be linked to a significantly lower risk of developing the serious eye condition, glaucoma, finds a small study...

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Discovery could reduce cost, energy for high-speed Internet connections

Researchers have developed an optical medium in which multiple beams of light can autocorrect their properties without affecting other beams. This could lead to a dramatic red...

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Artificial intelligence used to identify bacteria quickly and accurately

Microscopes enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI) could help clinical microbiologists diagnose potentially deadly blood infections and improve patients' odds...

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China is betting big on electromagnetic railguns and catapults

Eastern Arsenal Just as the U.S. Navy is pulling away from the technology. China has been making under-radar advances in railguns and other electro...

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Complex, old-growth forests may protect some bird species in a warming climate

Old forests that contain large trees and a diversity of tree sizes and species may offer refuge to some types of birds facing threats in a warming climate, scientists have fou...

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What does hair loss have to teach us about cancer metastasis?

Researchers have identified a signaling pathway regulating cell migration and metastasis. Unexpected hair loss in a preclinical model helped them to identify the pathway. When...

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Nanodiscs catch misfolding proteins red-handed

When proteins misfold, accumulate and clump around insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, they kill cells. Now, researchers have obtained a structural snapshot of these prot...

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Corals grow in patterns, even if we can’t always see them

Environment There’s a method to the reef madness. New research suggests that while corals can look totally random, there's a real method to all that r...

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Genetic instructions from mom set the pattern for embryonic development

A new study indicates an essential role for a maternally inherited gene in embryonic development. The study found that zebrafish that failed to inherit specific genetic instru...

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Our memory shifts into high gear when we think about raising our children, new study shows

Human memory has evolved so people better recall events encountered while they are thinking about raising their offspring, according to a new study...

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After searching 12 years for bipolar disorder's cause, research team concludes it has many

Nearly six million Americans have bipolar disorder, and most have probably wondered why. After more than a decade of studying over 1,100 of them in-depth, a team of scientists...

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How much soil goes down the drain: New data on soil lost due to water

According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water, and deforestation and other changes in land use make the problem worse. The study als...

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Heavy-petroleum fuels raising vanadium emissions

Human emissions of the potentially harmful trace metal vanadium into Earth's atmosphere have spiked sharply since the start of the 21st century due in large part...

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Erectile dysfunction is red flag for silent early cardiovascular disease

Despite decades long prevention and treatment efforts, cardiovascular (CV) disease continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide. Early detection of CV disease can allo...

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Error-free into the quantum computer age

Ion-trap technologies available today are suitable for building large-scale quantum computers, research shows. Scientists have introduced trapped-ion quantum error correction...

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Distinct human mutations can alter the effect of medicine

About one third of all medicine binds to the same type of receptor in the human body. An estimated three percent of the population have receptors of this type that are so gene...

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Real-time observation of collective quantum modes

When symmetries in quantum systems are spontaneously broken, the collective excitation modes change in characteristic ways. Researchers have now directly observed such Goldsto...

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Vitamin deficiency in later life

One in two persons aged 65 and above has suboptimal levels of vitamin D in the blood and one in four older adults has suboptimal vitamin B12 levels...

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Genetic study uncovers fungal sex secrets, which shed light on candidiasis

A new genetic analysis of fungal yeast infections (candidiasis) from around the world has revealed surprising secrets about how these microbes reproduce and cause disease, acc...

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3-D nanoscale imaging made possible

Imaging at the nanoscale is important to a plethora of modern applications in materials science, physics, biology, medicine and other fields. Limitations of current techniques...

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Shoe-box-sized chemical detector

A chemical sensor prototype will be able to detect 'single-fingerprint quantities' of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its...

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Exposure to larger air particles linked to increased risk of asthma in children

Researchers report statistical evidence that children exposed to airborne coarse particulate matter — a mix of dust, sand and non-exhaust tailpipe emissions, such as tire ru...

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Committed to relatives: Hounds and wolves share their parasites

Grey wolves, as all wild animals, are hosts to a variety of parasites. The presence of grey wolves in German forests has little influence on the parasite burden of hunting dog...

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More electronic materials opened up with new metal-organic framework

More materials for electronic applications could be identified, thanks to the discovery of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that displays electrical semiconduction with a r...

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The locomotion of hominins in the Pleistocene was just as efficient as that of current humans

Researchers have analyzed the influence of body proportions on the cost of locomotion by means of an experimental energetic study with 46 subjects of both sexes, whose results...

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Martti, developed for adverse weather conditions, is the first Finnish robot car to challenge snow and ice

Martti, the robot car developed in Finland, is the first automated car to have driven fully autonomously on a real snow-covered road...

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California's wildfires are affecting the oceans—and these researchers are the first to study it

Environment A research trip planned long before the fires took hold takes on new importance. Scientists want to study the effect of smoke and ash on the organi...

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Potato blight’s chemical attack mechanism explained

Researchers have deciphered the workings of a cytolytic toxin, which is produced by some of the world’s most devastating crop diseases. The Cytolysin is manufactured by path...

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Cancer immunotherapy may work better in patients with specific genes

Investigators have been trying to understand why and have recently found how an individual's own genes can play a role in the response to the immunotherapy drugs...

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Offbeat brainwaves during sleep make older adults forget

Like swinging a tennis racket during a ball toss to serve an ace, slow and speedy brainwaves during deep sleep must sync up at exactly the right moment to hit the save button...

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Coarse particulate matter may increase asthma risk

Children exposed to coarse particulate matter may be more likely to develop asthma and to be treated in an ER or be hospitalized for the condition, according to new research...

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Indonesian island found to be unusually rich in cave paintings

A tiny Indonesian island, previously unexplored by archaeologists, has been found to be unusually rich in ancient cave paintings following a study...

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Ancient feces reveal parasites described in earliest Greek medical texts

Earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasitic worms infecting the ancient inhabitants of Greece confirms descriptions found in writings associated with Hippocrates,...

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Unusual thermal convection in a well-mixed fluid: Can a syrup separate when mixed?

Researchers have recently discovered unusual thermal convection in a uniform mixture of high and low viscosity liquids. They found that concentration fluctuations are enhanced...

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Nanoparticles as a solution against antibiotic resistance?

Scientists have succeeded in developing an efficient method to treat mucoviscidosis. Crucial are nanoparticles that transport the antibiotics more efficiently to their destina...

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Higher blood sugar in early pregnancy raises baby's heart-defect risk

Higher blood sugar early in pregnancy raises the baby's risk of a congenital heart defect, even among mothers who do not have diabetes, according to a study...

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Second chance for rejected antibiotic candidate

An antibiotic candidate compound shelved in the 1970s in favor of more worthwhile drugs could be worth a second look, new research has found...

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New technique could make captured carbon more valuable

Carbon capture could help coal plants reduce emissions if economic challenges can be overcome. Turning captured carbon into a useable product is one solution. Scientists have...

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Floating solar fuels rig created for seawater electrolysis

Chemical engineers have developed a novel photovoltaic-powered electrolysis device that can operate as a stand-alone platform that floats on open water. The floating PV-electr...

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Superradiance of an ensemble of nuclei excited by a free electron laser

Scientists have succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. They were able to carefully follow, one x-ray at a time, the...

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Complete design of a silicon quantum computer chip unveiled

Research teams all over the world are exploring different ways to design a working computing chip that can integrate quantum interactions. Now, engineers believe they have cra...

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How to build a structurally sound gingerbread house

DIY Never fret about collapsing candy walls again. We created the sturdiest gingerbread house in all the land using the tastiest scientific principles we have...

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